India has over 50,000 petrol pump stations catering to the fuel demand of the country. Almost 18,000 of these belong to Indian Oil (IOCL) and 6,000 each to Bharat Petroleum (BPCL) & Hindustan Petroleum (HPCL). Shell India & ONGC have also opened petrol stations in India with Shell having a total 84 petrol stations whereas Essar has 1300 petrol stations in the country. IOCL has more number of petrol stations in India than that present in the whole of Canada or UK!
A petrol pump requires more than 5KW of electricity every day for its day to day fuel dispensing operations. This amounts to a total capacity of over 1,440 KW of power required for a year for one petrol pump.
Most of the petrol pumps in India derive power from Diesel Generator sets. The operation cost for running the pumps on diesel generator sets is very high. To give one an approximate figure, there is a loss of Rs 1000-1500 per day as operation cost for running the pump on diesel generator sets. This amounts to a total loss of up to Rs 3,65,000 to 5,47,500 every year by a single petrol pump in India!
Punjab has approx 700 number of petrol stations and Haryana has over 500 petrol stations alone. If one calculates the loss incurred by the petrol pumps as a result of high operation costs by using diesel generator sets, the amount would run into millions of rupees for Punjab and Haryana alone!
In recent years, state oil marketing companies have started rural petrol stations which are established in the interior areas of villages and are meant to help the agriculturists and constructed with minimum investments. These stations sell pesticides, seeds, lanterns etc. which are the specific requirements of the farmers besides Petrol and Diesel.